Pohutukawa, the New Zealand Christmas tree, is an icon of coastal areas in Northern New Zealand.
During Christmas, the tree is covered in masses of red flowers.
The colour of the flowers are made up of masses of red stamens, petals are non-existent.
There is a "cup" in the middle of the flower with nectar that attracts the pollinators.
There is some local variations in the colour of the flowers.
The main colour is red, but there are plants with scarlet, pink and yellow flowers.
Pohutokawa normally grows along the coast on steep cliff and inaccessible rock faces, although it will also grow outside these areas.
It is usually multi trunked, with windswept trees having twisted and gnarled trunks.
Pohutukawa forests have mainly been cleared and Rangitoto Island is the only remaining pohutukawa forest left in New Zealand.
On Rangitoto, Pohutukawa hybridises naturally with the northern Rata.