Clear Mountain Garden Treasures
 

Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresPohutukawa

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Pohutukawa

Flower
Family Myrtaceae
Name Metrosideros excelsa
Common Name Pohutukawa
Featured Plant May 2006
Etymology
Metrosideros From Greek metra meaning heartwood, and Greek sideron meaning iron.
excelsa From Latin excelsa meaning tall.

Pictures:
Colour Varieties
  See also:  NZ Natives, Trees & shrubs
  Buy seeds:  Seeds - Trees and Shrubs

Pohutukawa, the New Zealand Christmas tree, is an icon of coastal areas in Northern New Zealand. During Christmas, the tree is covered in masses of red flowers. The colour of the flowers are made up of masses of red stamens, petals are non-existent. There is a "cup" in the middle of the flower with nectar that attracts the pollinators.

There is some local variations in the colour of the flowers. The main colour is red, but there are plants with scarlet, pink and yellow flowers.

Pohutokawa normally grows along the coast on steep cliff and inaccessible rock faces, although it will also grow outside these areas. It is usually multi trunked, with windswept trees having twisted and gnarled trunks. Pohutukawa forests have mainly been cleared and Rangitoto Island is the only remaining pohutukawa forest left in New Zealand. On Rangitoto, Pohutukawa hybridises naturally with the northern Rata.



Flower

Flower

Flowers

Flowers

Flower

Flowers

Flowers

Flowers

Pohutukawa grows by the sea

Tree

Tree

Small Tree

Group of Trees

Tree

Tree

Buds

Buds

Buds (Yellow)

Leaves & Bark

 Colour Varieties



Scarlet

Red

Deep Pink

Deep Pink

Yellow

Yellow

Light Peach

Dark Pink

Peach

Peach

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