Clear Mountain Garden Treasures
 

Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresPassionfruit

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Passionfruit
Family Passifloraceae
Name Passiflora Spp.
Etymology
Passiflora From Latin passio meaning passion, and Latin flora meaning flower.

Pictures:
Black passionfruit
Red passionfruit
Blue passionfruit
Stinking passionfruit
  See also:  Food plants, Climbers

Passionfruit is a large genus of tendrill climbing plants characterised by interesting flowers with many segments, having complex shapes. A few species are cultivated for their edible fruit and a number are weeds. A few, such as P. coccinea are grown for their flowers.

 Black passionfruit


Fruit
Name Passiflora edulis
Common Names Black passionfruit, Granadilla
Etymology
edulis From Latin edulis meaning edible.

The flowers have creamy white tepals. The egg sized green fruit ripen to black. Leave the skin to become wrinkled before eating.



Bud

Flower

Flower

 Red passionfruit

Name Passiflora coccinea
Common Name Red passionfruit
Etymology
coccinea From Latin coccineus meaning scarlet, referring to the colour of the flowers..

Red passionfruit is grown for its bright red flowers.


Flower and Bud

 Blue passionfruit


Flower
Name Passiflora caerulea
Common Names Blue passionfruit, Common passionfruit
Etymology
caerulea From Latin caerulea meaning azure or sky blue.

Blue or common passionfruit is grown for its large flowers. Warning Blue passionfruit is classed as a weed in the greater Auckland region and cannot be propagated and sold.

 Stinking passionfruit


Flower
Name Passiflora foetida
Common Name Stinking passionfruit
Etymology
foetida From Latin foetida meaning having bad smell, referring to the strong odour emitted by damaged leaves and stem.

Stinking passionfruit is so named because of the strong odour emitted by damaged leaves and stem. The fruits are the size of grapes and turn yellow when ripe. They contain an edible pulp that is full of black seeds.

This is a protocarnivorous plant, the floral bracts are finely divided, each end containing a droplet of sticky fluid that traps small insects. Whether the plant is able to digest and absorb nutrients from the trapped insects is still a topic of debate.

Originating from tropical regions of the Americas, Stinking Stinking passionfruit has been introduced to other tropical areas. Warning: This passionfruit is mildly invasive in tropical areas.



Flower

Flower

Notice the trapped bug on the bottom right.

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