Clear Mountain Garden Treasures
 

Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresLiving Stones

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Living Stones
Family Aizoaceae
Name Lithops Spp.
Common Names Living stones, Pebble plant
Featured Plant May 2004
Etymology
Lithops From Greek lithos meaning stone, and Greek ops meaning face, referring to the habbit of producing leaves that look like stones.

Pictures:
Lithops aucampiae
Lithops fulviceps
Lithops hallii var. ochracea
Lithops lesliei 'albinica'
Lithops pseudotruncatella subsp. dendritica
Lithops salicola
  See also:  Cactus & succulents, Culture / Germination

Lithops is a genus of extreme succulents that come from desert areas of Southern Africa. The plant consists of a taproot and one or more pairs of leaves. The leaves are very succulent and have a translucent window on top.

In the wild, most of the leaf except for the top is buried under sand. The translucent top allows light to enter the leaf. By being buried under the sand, transpiration is reduced. The leaves are shaped like stones - to act as camouflage against plant predators.

Each pair of leaves lasts one year and is renewed every spring. The old pair of leaves feeds the new and gradually shrivels. In late Summer, each pair of leaves will send up one daisy looking flower, followed by a seed capsule that can take up to a year to ripen.



Flower

Unknown seedling

Baby

These are three year old seedlings of L. hallii var. Ochracea ×L. pseudotruncatella subsp. dendritica. Notice the different colours and markings.

 Lithops aucampiae

Name Lithops aucampiae
Etymology
aucampiae Named after Juanita Aucamp early 20th century South African plant collector who found a specimen on her father's farm in Postmasburg.


Leaves

 Lithops fulviceps


Flower
Name Lithops fulviceps "Aurea"
Etymology
fulviceps From Latin fulvus meaning tawny, and Greek kephale meaning head.
Aurea From Latin fulvus meaning golden.

 Lithops hallii var. ochracea

Name Lithops hallii var. ochracea
Etymology
hallii Named after Harry Hall who collect this plant.
ochracea means ochre coloured.



Flower

Flower

 Lithops lesliei 'albinica'

Name Lithops lesliei "albinica"
Etymology
lesliei Named after T. N. Leslie whose son Owen discovered the plants and named after him.



Flower

Flower

 Lithops pseudotruncatella subsp. dendritica


Large Flower

The flower can be larger than the plant!
Name Lithops pseudotruncatella subsp. dendritica
Etymology
pseudotruncatella From Greek pseudo meaning false, and Latin truncatus meaning cut off.
dendritica From Greek dendron meaning tree, referring to the branched channels pattern on top of the leaves..



Pair of Stones

The pair of "stones" is actually the very succulent leaves.

Glowing

The top of the leaf is a window that allows light to enter. This causes the whole leaf to glow in sunlight.

 Lithops salicola

Name Lithops salicola
Etymology
salicola From Latin salis meaning salt, and Latin incola meaning dweller.



Bud

Flower

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