Clear Mountain Garden Treasures
 

Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresLatin Names

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Orchids
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style
A tube that joins the stigma to the ovaries.
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epiphyte
A plant that grows on another,
but does not obtain nutrients from its host.
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spadix
The (often fleshy) spike inflorescence of aroids
that carry the flowers
see also Aroids.
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pappus
Modified calyx or sepal of a daisy flower, that may be too small to see
or may be modified to be scales, feathery bristles or seed parachute.
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pollinia
Bundles of pollen grains held together in a waxy mass,
typically found on orchids.
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bract
A modified leaf associated with flowers, fruits and cones.
Bracts usually protect buds or are modified to look like petals.
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pseudobulb
A swollen stem found mainly in orchids
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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stigma
Part of a flower that receives pollen.
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rhizome
A usually horizontal stem (sometimes underground)
that grows new roots and shoots along its length
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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infructescence
The fruiting stage of an inflorescence.
An ensemble of fruits growing on a stem.
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labellum
A highly modified petal that functions to aid the pollination of orchid flowers.
Often called the "Lip", the labellum gives orchid flowers the lop-sided look.
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epiphyte
A plant that grows on another,
but does not obtain nutrients from its host.
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epiphyte
A plant that grows on another,
but does not obtain nutrients from its host.
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terrestrial
A plant that grows on the ground, like most plants do.Grows on or in the ground.
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labellum
A highly modified petal that functions to aid the pollination of orchid flowers.
Often called the "Lip", the labellum gives orchid flowers the lop-sided look.
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panicle
A compound raceme, much branched, with
flowers and fruit attached along secondary branches.
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peduncle
A stem that supports an inflorescence.
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inflorescence
A flowering shoot with more than one flower.
Inflorescences may be branched or unbranched.
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rhizome
A usually horizontal stem (sometimes underground)
that grows new roots and shoots along its length
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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procumbent
Laying stems across the ground
but not normally rooting.
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column
A structure on an orchid flower that has both the stigma and stamen.
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radicans
Spreading stems across the ground
and rooting from its stem.
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labellum
A highly modified petal that functions to aid the pollination of orchid flowers.
Often called the "Lip", the labellum gives orchid flowers the lop-sided look.
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terete
Circular in cross section, smooth surfaced, and usually tapering at both ends.
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tuber
A swollen underground stem, crown or root
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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tuber
A swollen underground stem, crown or root
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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Latin Names

Glossary of Terms

Name Meaning / Origin
Acis From Greek aci meaning pointed or sharp
Actinidia From Greek aktis meaning ray, referring to the styles of flowers
Ada Named after Ada, sister of Artemis in Greek mythology
aduncum means bent inwards or hooked
Aerides From Greek aer meaning air or wind, referring to the epiphytic nature of the plant, or air-plants
Aeschynanthus From Greek aischyno meaning ashamed, and Greek anthos meaning flower, referring to the blushing red colour of the flowers
Aesculus From Latin aesculus meaning oak
aestivum From Latin aestivalis meaning of summer
aethiopica Named after Aethiops, an African and son of Vulcan, the Greek god of fire
agathicola From the Genus Agathis, Kauri, and Latin incola meaning dweller, referring to the habbit of growing next to kauri trees
Agave From Greek agave meaning noble or handsome
albiflos From Latin alba meaning white, and Latin flos meaning flower
albo-picta From Latin alba meaning white, and Latin picta meaning painted
Allium From Latin alium meaning garlic, one of the species in the genus
Alocasia From Greek a- meaning not, and Greek locasia meaning lotus roots, referring to its similarity to Colocasia, another taro-like aroid
Alstroemeria Named by Linnaeus after Baron Klas von Alstroemer, 18th century Swedish botanist
altissimus From Latin altissimus meaning most high
Amorphophallus From Greek a- meaning not, Greek morphe meaning form or shape, and Greek phallos meaning penis, referring to the spadix that is said to resemble a mis-shappen penis
ampeloprasum From Greek ampelos meaning vine, and Greek prason meaning leek
anceps From Latin anceps meaning two-headed
Anethum From Latin anethum meaning dill or anise
Angraecum From Malay angerek meaning orchid
annus, annuum From Latin annuum meaning annual
Aquilegia From Latin aquila meaning eagle, referring to the flower petals that are said to resemble an eagle's claw
arboreus From Latin arboreus meaning resembling a tree
Arctotis From Greek arktos meaning bear, and Greek otis meaning ear, to mean bear's ear, referring to the shape of pappus scale of its flowers and fruit
arcturus From Greek arktos meaning bear, and Greek ura meaning tail or stern
Arisaema From the Genus Arum, a related genus, and Greek haima meaning blood, referring to the red blotches of certain species
arisanensis From (Mt.) A Li Shan (Latinised)
Asparagus From Latin asparagus meaning the same thing
Aspasia Named after Aspasia, a Milesian woman involved with Athenian statesman Pericles
atroviolacea, atroviolaceum From Latin atra meaning dark, and Latin violaceo meaning violet, to mean dark violet or dark purple
attenuata From Latin attenuata meaning diminished or weak
aurantiaca From Latin aurantiacus meaning orange coloured
Aurea From Latin fulvus meaning golden
australis From Latin australis meaning southern
australis-2 From Australia (Latinised)
baccatum From Latin bacca meaning berry
Banksia Named after Sir Joseph Banks, 19th century botanist who accompanied Captian Cook on his first voyage and president of the Royal Society
banksii Named after Sir Joseph Banks, 19th century botanist who accompanied Captian Cook on his first voyage and President of the Royal Society
barbatus From Latin barbatus meaning barbed
Barkeria Named after George Barker, 19th century English orchid enthusiast
Begonia Named after Micheal Begon, 18th century governor of French Canada
bella, bellum From Latin bella meaning pretty
bellidiformis From Latin bellis meaning daisy, and Latin form meaning form or shape
Benincasa Named after Count Giuseppe Benincasa, 16th century Italian botanist who founded the Botanic Garden at Pisa
bensoniae Named after Mrs. Benson, wife of 19th century English general in Burma and orchid enthusiast
bienne From Latin bienne meaning lasting two years
biflorum From Greek bi meaning two, and Latin florum meaning flower
Bifrenaria From Latin bi- meaning double, and Latin frenum meaning bridle, referring to the four pollinia that sit separated on two stems
bipinnatus From Latin pinnatus meaning feather
Bletilla From the dimunitive form of Bletia, another orchid
boliviana From Boliviana (Latinised)
bowdenii Named after Athelstan Hall Cornish-Bowden, who had sent bulbs of the plant to England from South Africa
bracteata, bracteatum From bract (Latinised)
brumalis, brumale From Latin brumalis meaning during winter
Brunfelsia Named after Otto Brunfels, 16th century German monk and botanist who published the first good drawings of plants in 1530. Linnaeus listed him amongst the "Fathers of Botany"
Bulbophyllum From Greek bulbos meaning bulb, and Greek phyllon meaning leaf, referring to the habbit of plants in the genus growing one leaf per pseudobulb
caerulus, caerulea, caeruleum From Latin caerulea meaning azure or sky blue
Calanthe From Greek kalos meaning beautiful, and Greek anthos meaning flower
Calendula From Latin kalendae meaning the 1st of the month, referring to the long lasting flowers
californica, californicum From California (Latinised)
Camellia Named after Georg Josef Kamel, 17th century Moravian Jesuit missionary
Campanula From Latin campana meaning bell
candidissimum From Latin candidissimum meaning white or pure white
Canna From Greek kanna meaning a type of reed
Capsicum From Greek kapto meaning to bite, referring to their piquant flavour
caracalla From Caracas, Venezuela (Latinised)
carinatum From Latin carinatum meaning like a keel
carnosa From Latin carnosa meaning fleshy
Catasetum From Greek kata meaning below, and Greek seta meaning bristle, referring to the two long bristles at the base of the column that trigger the pollinia to shoot out
Cattleya Named after Sir William Cattley, 19th century English plant collector who is the first to successfully grow and flower a Cattleya labiata
Centaurea Named after Centaur Chiron, of Roman mythology, who discovered the plant's medicinal properties
cepa From Latin cepa meaning onion
Ceropegia From Greek keros meaning wax, and Greek pege meaning fountain, Linnaeus thought that the flowers looked like a fountain of wax
chinensis, chinense From China (Latinised)
Chrysanthemum From Latin chryseus meaning golden, and Greek anthos meaning flower, referring to the yellow flowers of a number of species
chrysanthus, chrysantha, chrysanthum From Latin chryseus meaning golden, and Greek anthos meaning flower
chryseus, chrysa, chryseum From Latin chryseus meaning golden
Chrysocoma From Latin chryseus meaning golden, and Latin coma meaning hair, referring to the fine golden petals of the flower
ciliata, ciliare From Latin cilia meaning eyelashes, to mean fringed with hairs
cinnabarina, cinnabarinum From dimunitive form of Latin cinnabar meaning a red pigment (also called Dragon's blood) obtained from the resin of a number of trees
Cirsium From Greek kirsion meaning a kind of thistle
Cistus From its Greek name kistos
Citrus From the Latinised form of citron
Clematis From Greek klematis meaning a climbing plant
Clianthus From Greek kleos meaning glory, and Greek anthos meaning flower
cobbianum Named after Walter Cobb, English orchid grower who first flowered this species
coccineus, coccinea, coccineum From Latin coccineus meaning scarlet
cochleata From Latin cochleatus meaning shell shaped
Coelia From Greek koilos meaning hollow, referring to the pollinia, however these are convex.
Coelogyne From Greek koilos meaning hollow, and Greek gyne meaning female, referring to hollow stigmatic surface
Coleonema From Greek koleos meaning sheath, and Greek nema meaning thread, referring to filaments folded up in the petals
Convallaria From Latin convalis meaning valley, and Greek rynchos meaning snout
Coprosma From Greek kopros meaning dung, and Greek osme meaning smell
Cordyline From Greek kordyle meaning club, referring to its large underground rhizomes
Coreopsis From Greek koris meaning bed bug, and Greek -opsis meaning resembles, referring to the seeds that look like bed bugs
Coriandrum From Greek koris meaning bug, referring to its aroma
coronarium From Latin coronarium meaning used for crowns or garlands
Cosmos From Latin cosmos meaning universe
Crinum From Greek krinon meaning lily
crispus, crispa, crispum From Latin crispum meaning curly or wrinkled
cristatus, cristata, cristatum From Latin cristata meaning crested
cruentum From Latin cruentus meaning blood-red
Cucumis From Greek kykyon meaning cucumber
Cucurbita From Latin cucurbita meaning gourd or pumpkin
Curcuma From Arabic kurkum meaning saffron, referring to to the strong orange colour of its rhizomes that resemble saffron
cyanus From Latin cyanea meaning sea blue
Cyclamen From Greek kyklos meaning twisted or circular, referring to the highly twisted infructescence of some species
Cycnoches From Greek kyknos meaning swan, and Greek auche meaning neck, referring to shape of the slender column that together with the sepals resembles a swan
cylindrica From Greek cylindro meaning cylinder
Cymbidium From Greek kymbe meaning boat, referring to the hollow recess in the labellum
Dahlia Named after Dr. Andreas Dahl, 18th century Swedish botanist and student of Linnaeus
deliciosa From Latin deliciosa meaning delicious or delicate
dendritica From Greek dendron meaning tree
Dendrobium From Greek dendron meaning tree, and Greek bios meaning life, referring to the habbit of Dendrobium species growing on trees or being epiphytic
Dendrochilum From Greek dendron meaning tree, and Greek cheilos meaning lip, referring to a tree dweller with a lip?
densiflorum From Latin densi meaning densi, and Latin flora meaning flowers
dentata From Latin dentata meaning toothed
deppei Named after Ferdinand Deppe, 19th century German who collected in Mexico
Dianella Named after Diana, Roman goddess of the hunt and moon (dimunitive)
Dianthus From Greek dios meaning the god Zeus, and Greek anthos meaning flower
Digitalis From Latin digit meaning fingers, referring to the shape of the flowers that resemble a thimble (that fits over a finger)
Dionaea From Greek dionaea meaning Venus
Diospyros From Greek dios meaning the god Zeus, and Greek pyros meaning grain, a name originally used for the date-plum (Diospyros lotus)
Disa Named after Queen Disa, of Swedish mythology who passed one of King Freyr's tests by visiting him dressed in a net, referring to the dorsal sepal in some species that has a net like appearance
discolor means multiple coloured
Disocactus From Greek dis meaning twice, Greek isos meaning equal, and the Genus Cactus, referring to the equal number of sepals and petals in the flower
diversifolius, diversifolia, diversifolium From Latin diversis meaning different, and Latin folium meaning leaves
domestica From Latin domesticatim meaning at home, to mean domesticated
Dorotheanthus Named by Martin Heinrich Gustav Schwantes after Dorothea Schwantes, his mother, combining her name with the Greek word anthos meaning flower
Dracophyllum From Greek drakon meaning dragon, and Greek phyllon meaning leaves
Dracula From dimunitive form of Latin draco meaning dragon, to mean little dragon, referring to the strange aspect of the two long spurs of the sepals
Drosera From Greek droseros meaning dewy, referring to the droplets of "dew" on the traps
Echinacea From Greek echinos meaning hedgehog, referring to the spiny central disk
ecuadoreana From Ecuador (Latinised)
edulis, edule From Latin edulis meaning edible
elatus, elata, elatum From Latin elatum meaning elevated or tall
elegans From Latin elegans meaning elegant
Epidendrum From Greek epi meaning upon, and Greek dendron meaning tree, referring to the habbit of Epidendrum species growing on trees or being epiphytic, however not all Epidendrum species are epiphytic, a few are terrestrial
Eria From Greek erion meaning wool, referring to the wooly appearance of flowers of certain species
Erysimum From Greek eryomai meaning to save, referring to the medicinal qualities of some species
Eschscholzia Named after Dr. Johann Friedrich Gustav von Eschscholtz, 19th century Estonian surgeon and botanist
esculentus, esculenta, esculentum From Latin esculentus meaning edible or delicious
excelsus, excelsa, excelsum From Latin excelsa meaning tall
excorticata From Latin ex- meaning out of, and Latin corticatus meaning covered with bark
eximium From Latin eximus meaning exemplary
falcatus, falcata, falcatum From Latin falcatus meaning sickle shaped or curved
falconeri Named after Hugh Falconer, 19th century Scottish botanist and director of Calcutta Botanical Gardens
Fenestraria From Latin fenestra meaning window, referring to referring to the windows on top of leaves that allow light in
filamentosa From the Latinised form of filament
filiforme From Latin fila meaning thread
fimbriata, fimbriatum From Latin fimbriatus meaning fringed
flaccidus, flaccida, flaccidum From Latin flaccid meaning limp or weak
fleckeri Named after Hugo Flecker, 20th century Australian doctor, zoologist and botanist
floribunda From Latin floridus meaning flower, and Latin abundans meaning abundant
foetidus, foetida, foetidum From Latin foetida meaning having bad smell
Fragaria From Latin fragaria meaning strawberry
Freesia Named after Friedrich Heinrich Theodor Freese, 19th century German botanist
fruticosus From Latin fruticosus meaning bushy
Fuchsia Named after Leonard Fuchs, 16th century German botanist
fuchsioides From the Genus Fuchsia, an obsolete genus used by Linnaeus to house moths, and Greek -oides meaning resembling
fulgens From Latin fulgens meaning shiny or bright
fulgida From Latin fulgida meaning shining
fulviceps From Latin fulvus meaning tawny, and Greek kephale meaning head
Fumaria From Latin fumus meaning smoke
Furcraea Named after Comte Antoine Francois de Fourcroy, 18th century French pioneer animal and plant chemist
Gaillardia Named after M. Gaillard de Marentoneau, 18th century French magistrate and patron of botany
Galanthus From Greek gala meaning milk, and Greek anthos meaning flower, referring to the colour of the flowers
Geranium From Greek geranos meaning crane, referring to the beak-like fruit
germanica From Germany (Latinised)
germinyanum Named after Count Adrien de Germiny, 19th century French orchid collector
gigas From Greek gigas meaning giant
glomeratum From Latin glomero meaning ball
Gloriosa From Latin gloriosa meaning glorious, probably referring to the flower sheaths
glumaceum From Latin gluma meaning husk
goldschmidtianum Named after Prof. Dr. Goldschmidt, 20th century German orchid enthusiast
Gomesa Named after Bernardino Antonio Gomes, 19th century Brazilian naval physician and botanist
Gomphocarpus From Greek gomphos meaning nail, and Greek karpos meaning fruit
Gordonia Named after James Gordon, 18th century correspondent of Linnaeus
gouldiana Named after Jay Gould, 19th century American financier and orchid enthisiast
grandiflorus, grandiflora, grandiflorum From Latin grandis meaning great, and Latin flora meaning flowers
graveolens From Latin graveolens meaning strong smelling
Haemanthus From Greek haima meaning blood, and Greek anthos meaning flower, referring to the flower colour of certain species
harrisoniae Named after Mrs. Harrison, 19th century colour orchid illustration engraver and wife of Arnold Harrison, orchid collector
Hatiora Named after Thomas Hariot, 16th century astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer and translator. Hatiora is an anagram of Hariota, the Latinised version of his name
hederifolium From the Genus Hedera, ivy, and Latin folia meaning leaves, to mean leaves that somewhat resemble ivy's
Helianthus From Greek helios meaning the Sun, and Greek anthos meaning flower, referring to the flowers tracking the position of the sun as it crosses the sky
Helichrysum From Greek helios meaning sun, and Latin chryseus meaning golden
Hesperantha From Greek hesperos meaning evening, and Greek anthos meaning flower, referring to the flowers opening late in the day
heterocarpum From Latin heterogeneous meaning different, and Greek karpos meaning fruit
Hibiscus From Latin hibiscum meaning marsh mallow, a species of Hibiscus
hillii Named after Walter Hill, 19th century Superintendent and Botanist at the Brisbane Botanical gardens
Hippeastrum From Greek hippeus meaning knight, and Greek astron meaning star
hirta From Latin hirta meaning hairy
hirta From Latin hirta meaning hairy
hispida From Latin hispidus meaning hairy
Hoya Named after Thomas Hoy, early 19th century botanist and head gardener at Syon House
Hyacinthoides From the Genus Hyacinth, another bulb, and Greek -oides meaning resembling
hybrida From the Latinised form of hybrid, referring to the hybrid line of breeding
Hylocereus From Greek hylo meaning woods, and Latin cereus meaning like wax, referring to its habbitat in the forest and a waxy covering making it resistent to droughts
ignea From Latin igneus meaning fiery
Impatiens From Latin impatiens meaning impatient, referring to the seed pod's habbit of bursting open
impostor From Latin impostor meaning deceiver, trickster
infracta From Latin infractus meaning crocked
integrifolia From Latin integer meaning whole, and Latin folium meaning leaves
Iris From Latin iris meaning rainbow, referring to the many and varied colours of its flowers
Ixia From Greek ixia meaning bird lime, referring to the sticky sap
jackmanii Named after George Jackman, 19th century English nurseryman who produced the first hybrid
japonicus, japonica, japonicum From Japan (Latinised)
jasminoides From the Genus Jasminum, Jasmine, and Greek -oides meaning resembles
javieriense Named after Elias Javier, Filipino orchid nursery owner
jonesii Named after Marcus Jones, early 20th century self-taught geologist and botanist
kaki From Japanese kaki meaning persimon
Kerria Named after William Kerr, 19th century English botanist and Kew gardener
kingianus, kingiana, kingianum Named after Captain Phillip Parker King, 19th century surveyor of the Australian coastline
Kniphofia Named after Johannes Hieronymus Kniphof, 18th century German professor of medicine at Erfurt University
Laelia Named after Laelia, one of the Vasal virgins
Lampranthus From Greek lampros meaning shining, and Greek anthos meaning flower, referring to flowers with bright almost flourescent colours
Lathyrus From Greek lathyros meaning pea
latifolia, latifolium From Latin latus meaning wide, and Latin folium meaning leaves
laxa From Latin laxa meaning loose
Leptospermum From Greek leptos meaning slender, and Greek sperma meaning seed
Leucanthemum From Greek leucos meaning white, and Greek anthemum meaning flower
Leucojum From Greek leukos meaning white, and Greek ion meaning violet
Ligularia From Latin ligula meaning shoe strap, referring to the narrow petals of the flower
Linaria From Latin linum meaning flax
Linum From Latin linum meaning flax
Liparis From Greek liparos meaning oily or smooth, referring to glossy leaves
Lithops From Greek lithos meaning stone, and Greek ops meaning face, referring to the habbit of producing leaves that look like stones
Lobelia Named after Mathias de L'Obel, 16th century Belgian botanist
longa From Latin longa meaning long
longaeva From Latin longaeva meaning long lived
longifolia, longifolium From Latin longus meaning long, and Latin folium meaning leaves
Luffa From Arabic lufah meaning spongue gourd
lunata From Latin lunata meaning crescent shaped
Lupinus From Latin lupus meaning wolf, referring to the misguided belief that lupins rob nutrients from the soil (because lupins grow in poor soils)
lutea, luteum From Latin luteum meaning yellow
Lycaste Named after Lycaste, beautiful sister of Helen of Troy
lycopersicum From Greek lykos meaning wolf, and Greek persikos meaning peach
macgillivrayi Named after Dr William David Kerr Macgillivray, 20th century physician, ornithologist and naturalist
macrantha From Greek macros meaning big, and Greek anthos meaning flower
macrophylla From Greek macros meaning big, and Greek phyllon meaning leaves
macrorrhizos From Greek macros meaning big, and Greek rhiza meaning roots
madrensis, maderense From Madeira Island (Latinised)
magellanica From Magellan Straits area, Chile (Latinised)
majalis From Latin majus meaning the month May
Manihot From Brazilian manioc meaning cassava
Masdevallia Named after Jose Masdevall, 18th century Spanish botanist and physician
mauritianum From Mauritius (Latinised)
Maxillaria From Latin maxilla meaning jaw, referring to part of the flower that resembles an insect's jaw
maxima, maximum From Latin maximis meaning greatest or largest
medium From Latin medium meaning middle or medium
melinanthum From Greek meline meaning millet, and Greek anthos meaning flower
melo From Latin melo meaning melon
mertonensis Named after Merton Garden, in Oxford, UK
Metrosideros From Greek metra meaning heartwood, and Greek sideron meaning iron
Mimosa From Latin mimus meaning mime, referring to the leaves moving when touched
miniata, miniatum From Latin miniatum meaning vermilion or scarlet coloured
mohlianum Named after Hugo von Mohl, 19th century German botanist
moniliforme From Latin monile meaning necklace, and Latin forma meaning form
Monstera From Latin monstrum meaning monster, referring to its large size
montanus, montana, montanum From Latin montanus meaning mountainous, to mean from or related to mountains
mooreana Named after Frederick William Moore, 20th century British horticulturist and director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Edinburgh
moschatus, moschata, moschatum From Latin moschus meaning musk (musk scented)
Musa From Arabic mauz meaning banana
muscipula From Latin muscipula meaning mouse trap
Narcissus From Latin narcissus meaning daffodils
neapolitanum From Naples (Latinised)
Nemesia Named after Nemesis, the Goddess of justice and retribution in Greek mythology
Nerine Named after Nerine, the water nymph of Greek mythology
nigra From Latin nigra meaning black
nitidum From Latin nitidum meaning shiny or bright
nivalus, nivalis From Latin nivalis meaning snowy
nobile From Latin nobilis meaning noble
non-scripta From Latin non-scripta meaning without writing or marks
obtecta From Latin obtegere meaning conceal or cover up
ochracea means ochre coloured
odoratus, odorata, odoratum From Latin odoratus meaning fragrant
odorum From Latin odorus meaning fragrant
officinalis, officinale from officina, the name of the storeroom in a monastery where herbs and medicines are stored, referring to the medicinal properties of the plant
oligophyllus, oligophylla, oligophyllum From Greek ligoi meaning few, and Greek phyllon meaning leaves
Oncidium From Greek onkos meaning barb or hook, referring to the swollen callus of the labellum
Ornithogalum From Greek ornis meaning bird, and Greek gala meaning milk
Osteospermum From Greek osteon meaning bone, and Greek sperma meaning seed, referring to the hard seed coat
Ourisia Named after Governor Ouris, former governor the Falkland Islands
Oxalis From the Latinised form of oxalic acid, referring to contents in its leaves
paludosum From Latin paludosum meaning boggy or swamp
Pamianthe Named after Major Albert Pam, 20th century British author and Amaryllidaceae specialist
paniculata From panicle (Latinised)
Papaver From Latin papaveris meaning poppy
Passiflora From Latin passio meaning passion, and Latin flora meaning flower
patula From Latin patula meaning wide open
patula From Latin patulus meaning spreading
pavonia Named after Don Jose Pavon, 18th century Spanish horticulturalist who along with Ruiz, were charged with the botanical mission to Peru, they both authored Flora Peruviana
pedunculatus, pedunculata, pedunculatum From peduncle (Latinised)
Pelargonium From Greek pelargos meaning stork, referring to the seed heads
pendulum From Latin pendulum meaning hanging
Penstemon From Greek pente meaning five, and Greek stemon meaning stamen
pepo From Latin pepo meaning pumpkin or large melon
Pericallis From Greek perikalles meaning very beautiful
Peristeria From Greek peristera meaning dove
persica, persicum From Persia (Latinised)
peruviana From Peru (Latinised)
Pescatoria Named after M. Pescatore, French orchid collector
Phalaenopsis From the Genus Phalaena, an obsolete genus used by Linnaeus to house moths, and Greek opis meaning resembles, the large white flowers swaying in the breeze at a distance is said to look like moths in flight
Pholidota From Greek pholido meaning scales, referring to the scaly appearance of bracts in its inflorescence
phyllanthoides From Greek phyllon meaning leaf, Greek anthos meaning flower, and Greek -oides meaning resembling
physocarpus From Greek physa meaning bladder, and Greek karpos meaning fruit
picta From Latin picta meaning painted
Platycodon From Greek platys meaning broad, and Greek kodona meaning bell, referring to the shape of the flowers
Pleurothallis From Greek pleurothallos meaning rib-like branches
polyanthum From Greek polys meaning many, and Greek anthos meaning flower
Polygonatum From Greek polys meaning many, and Greek gony meaning knee, referring to the many little joins of its rhizome
Polygonum From Greek polys meaning many, and Greek gony meaning knee, referring to the many little joins of its stem
poscharskyana Named after Gustav Poscharsky, 19th century German gardener
prismatocarpa, prismatocarpum From Greek prisma meaning prism, and Greek karpos meaning fruit
procumbens From procumbent (Latinised)
Prosthechea From Greek prostheke meaning appendix, referring to appendage at the back of the column
Prunella From German brunella meaning the disease quinsey, for which the plant is a cure, misspelling by Linnaeus
Prunus From Latin prunus meaning plum tree
pseudepidendrum From Greek pseudo meaning false, and the Genus Epidendrum
pseudotruncatella From Greek pseudo meaning false, and Latin truncatus meaning cut off
psittacina From Latin psittacus meaning parrot
Pterostylis From Greek pteron meaning bird, and Greek stylos meaning style, referring to the concealed winged column
pubescens From Latin pubesco meaning to reach puberty (and becoming hairy)
pudica From Latin pudica meaning chaste, modest or pure
pulchella, pulchellum From Latin pulchellum meaning pretty
Pulmonaria From Latin pulmo meaning lungs, referring to the old practise of using it to treat lung disease
puniceus From Latin puniceus meaning rosy
purpureofusca From Latin purpureo fusca meaning brown purple
purpureum, purpurea From Latin purpurea meaning purple
radicans From radicans (Latinised)
Ranunculus From Latin ranunculus meaning tadpole, referring to the plant's habbit of growing in marshes and bogs
reflexa From Latin reflexus meaning bent backwards
reginae From Latin reginae meaning queen
Restrepia Named after Jose Manuel Restrepo Velez, 19th century investigator of Colombian flora, political figure and historian
reticulata From Latin reticulata meaning net-like
Rhabdothamnus From Greek rhabdos meaning rod, and Greek thamnos meaning bush
rhoeas From Greek rhoeas meaning red
rhopalophylla From Greek rhopalon meaning club, and Greek phyllon meaning leaf
rolfeana Named after Robert Alen Rolfe, 19th century Kew taxinomist and founder of the Orchid Review journal
rosa-sinensis From Latin rosa meaning rose, and sinensis meaning from China (Latinised)
rosea From Latin rosea meaning rose coloured
Rubus From Latin rubus meaning brambles or blackberry
Rubus From Latin rubus meaning brambles or blackberry
Rudbeckia Named after Olof Rudbeck, 17th century Swedish botanist
saccatum From Latin saccus meaning bag
salicola From Latin salis meaning salt, and Latin incola meaning dweller
Salvia From Latin salvere meaning be well, referring to the belief that sage has healing qualities
Sandersonia Named after John Sanderson, 19th century Scottish journalist and amateur botanist who in 1851 discovered the plant in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Sarcochilus From Greek sarkos meaning flesh, and Greek cheilos meaning lip, referring to the fleshy labellum
sarcodes From Greek sarka meaning flesh
sarniensis From Guernsey (Latinised), Sarina is the Roman name for Guernsey
sativus, sativum From Latin sativum meaning sown or cultivated
Satyrium From Greek satyrion meaning an aphrodisiac made from ragwort, referring to the traditional aphrodisiac properties of the plant's tubers
Schlumbergera Named after Frederic Schlumberger, 19th century French collector of cacti and other succulents
scoparium From Latin scopa meaning broom
Sechium From East Indian sechium meaning this plant
secundus, secunda, secundum From Latin secundus meaning following, to mean leaves or flowers all point in one direction
Sedirea From the Genus Aerides, a closely related orchid, Sedirea is Aerides spelt backwards
sinensis From China (Latinised)
Sisyrinchium From Greek sys meaning pig, and Greek rynchos meaning snout
skinneri Named after George Ure Skinner, 19th century Brittish orchid collector in Guatemala
Sobralia Named after Dr. Francisco Sobral, 18th century Spanish botanist
solandri Named after Daniel Solander, 18th century Swedish explorer and botanist who accompanied Joseph Banks on the Captain Cook's first voyage
Solanum From Latin solamen meaning source of comfort, referring to the soothing effects of certain species when ingested
Sparaxis From Greek sparasso meaning to rend or tear, probably referring to the flower sheaths
speciosus, speciosa, speciosum From Latin speciosus meaning showy or beautiful
splendens From Latin splendens meaning brilliant
Stenoglottis From Greek stenos meaning narrow, and Greek glottis meaning tongue
Stenomesson From Greek stenos meaning narrow, and Greek messon meaning middle
Sternbergia Named after Count Kasper Maria von Sternberg, early 19th century Austrian botanist and founder of modern paleobotany
Strelitzia Named after Charlotte of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, Queen to George III
striatus, striata, striatum From Latin stria meaning channel or fluted
sulphureus From Latin sulphureus meaning sulfurous
superba From Latin superba meaning proud
syriacus From Syria (Latinised)
Tagetes Named after Tages, an Etruscan god
Taraxacum From Arabic taraxacum meaning dandelion
tenellum From Latin tenellus meaning small, delicate
teres From terete (Latinised)
tetragonum means four-sided
thapsus From Sicily (Latinised)
Thunia Named after Count Thun-Telschen, orchid collector
thymifolia From the Genus Thymus, thyme, and Latin folium meaning leaves, to mean leaves that look like thyme's
thyrsoides From Greek mythology thursos meaning a rod or wand tipped with a pine cone, and Greek -oides meaning resembles
Tigridia From Latin tigris meaning tiger, referring to the markings on the flower
Tillandsia Named after Elias Tillands, 17th century Swedish botanist known more for his fear of bodies of water than botany, referring to the plant's lack of need for water
tinctoria From Latin tinctus meaning to dye
tingitana From Tangier (Latinised)
tovarensis From Tovar Municipality, Venezuela (Latinised)
triangularis From Latin triangularis meaning triangular
triangulipetala From Greek trigono meaning triangle, and Greek petalo meaning petal
Trichosalpinx From Greek triclia meaning hair, and Greek salpinga meaning trumpet, referring to the hairy ribs and margins of trumpet shaped sheaths
tricolor Means having three colours
triphyllum From Greek tri meaning three, and Greek phyllon meaning leaves
Triteleia From Greek tri meaning three, and Greek teleos meaning complete, referring to organs of the plants in sets of three
truncata From Latin truncatus meaning cut off
tuberhybrida From the Latinised form of tuber, and the Latinised form of hybrid, referring to the hybrid breding and tuberous growth
tuberosus From tuber (Latinised)
undatus From Latin undans meaning wavy
usneoides From the Genus Usnea, old man's beard lichen
vampirus, vampira From Latin vampirus meaning vampire
Vanda From Sanskrit vanda meaning Vanda orchids or similar epiphytic plants
variabilis From Latin variabilis meaning variable
veitchiana Named after James Veitch, 19th century botanist and owner of a famous Chelsea nursery
Veitchii, Veitchiana Named after James Veitch, 19th century botanist and owner of a famous Chelsea nursery
Veltheimia Named after August Ferdinand Graf von Veltheim, 18th century German patron of botany
ventricosa From Latin ventris meaning belly, and Latin crassa meaning thick
Verbascum From Latin barbatum meaning beard, corruption of
Veronica Named after Saint Veronica, from the Bible
vesca From Latin vesca meaning thin
vestitus, vestita, vestitum From Latin vestitus meaning clothing, to mean surrounded by bracts
victoriae-reginae Named after Queen Victoria, 19th century monarch of Great Britain
Vigna Named after Dominico Vigna, 17th century Italian botanist
viviparum From Latin vivis meaning live, and Latin parere meaning to bear, to mean bears live young
vulgare, vulgaris From Latin vulgaris meaning common
wallisii Named after Gustav Wallis, 19th century German orchid collector for Veitch in South America
Warczewiczella Named after Józef Warszewicz, 19th century Polish botanist and plant collector
xantholeuca From Greek xanthos meaning yellow, and Greek leukos meaning white
xiphium From Greek xiphos meaning sword
Yucca From Carribean yuca meaning cassava, Linnaeus mistakenly named this genus after cassava as initially, Yucca were confused with cassava
Zantedeschia Named after Francesco Zantedeschi, 19th century professor of physics and philosophy in the Liceo of Venice


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