Clear Mountain Garden Treasures
 

Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresHibiscus

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Hibiscus
Family Malvaceae
Name Hibiscus Spp.
Featured Plant April 2006
Etymology
Hibiscus From Latin hibiscum meaning marsh mallow, a species of Hibiscus.

Pictures:
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus syriacus
Hibiscus trionum
Hibiscus diversifolius
Okra
  See also:  Food plants, NZ Natives, Trees & shrubs, Culture / Germination

Hibiscus is a genus of shrubby plants belonging to the marsh mallow family. The flowers have a characteristic central structure with five stigmas at the end and a number of stamens along its length. Hibiscus rosa sinensis is of tropical origin and produces showly colourful flowers. Hibiscus syriacus is deciduous and has mainly white / red flowers. Hibiscus trionum is a New Zealand native biennial that produces cream flowers with a block centre. Hibiscus diversifolius is another New Zealand native with flowers that look similar to H. trionum but the plant is more robust and is very spiny. Hibiscus esculentus, or okra, produces edible seed pods.

 Hibiscus rosa-sinensis


Yellow
Name Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Common Name China Rose
Etymology
rosa-sinensis From Latin rosa meaning rose, and sinensis meaning from China (Latinised).

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is of tropical origin and is only half hardy. Flower colours range from white and yellow to red, and the colours in between. The flowers of some cultivars have two colours and some are even double.

This hibiscus is the national flower of Malaysia.



Red

Red Bud

Pollen

Orange - Opening

Double Pink

Pink

Pink

Pink Bud

Notice how the bud is red but as the petals unfurl, they turn pink.

Double Orange

 Hibiscus syriacus


Flying Flag
Name Hibiscus syriacus "Flying Flag"
Common Name Rose of Sharon
Etymology
syriacus From Syria (Latinised).

Hibiscus syriacus is a hardy deciduous shrub.


Flying Flag

 Hibiscus trionum


Flower
Name Hibiscus trionum
Common Names Bladder Hibiscus, Puarangi

This biennial is one of the few New Zealand native plants with large showy flowers. The flowers only lasts one day but are produced in such profusion that the shrub always seems to be covered in flowers. They open in the morning and are closed by late afternoon.



Bud

Flower

Flower

Flower

 Hibiscus diversifolius

Name Hibiscus diversifolius
Common Name Spiny Swamp Hibiscus
Etymology
diversifolius From Latin diversis meaning different, and Latin folium meaning leaves.

This perennial is characterised by its numerous spines. It is only found in the far north, around swampy areas, and is quite rare now.



Flower

Flower

Buds

 Okra

Name Hibiscus esculentus
Common Names Okra, Ladies fingers
Etymology
esculentus From Latin esculentus meaning edible or delicious.

This annual produces edible seed pods, known variously as okra or ladies fingers. The pods are only edible when very young. Okra is used in dishes such as Gumbo of New Orleans cuisine, and in a number of Asian dishes.



Flower

Buds

Young Seed Pods

Edible stage

Dried Seed Pods

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