Clear Mountain Garden Treasures
 

Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresFood Plants

epiphyte
A plant that grows on another,
but does not obtain nutrients from its host.
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bulb
An underground shoot with thickened leaf bases
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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mildew
A white or greyish powdery parasitic mould
that grows on the surface of leaves and stems.
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aphid
A soft-bodied sap sucking insect
that reproduces rapidly.
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bulb
An underground shoot with thickened leaf bases
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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stolon
A horizontal branch or running stem
that gives rise to new plants.
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herbaceous
A soft and green part of a plant
that does not become woody.
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rhizome
A usually horizontal stem (sometimes underground)
that grows new roots and shoots along its length
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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colder-areas
Areas with cooler winters, typically
south of the Bay of Plenty.
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warmer-areas
Areas with warmer winters, typically
north of the Bay of Plenty, inclusive.
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rhizome
A usually horizontal stem (sometimes underground)
that grows new roots and shoots along its length
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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monsoon
A seasonal wind in tropical areas
that usually brings a lot rain.
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slow-release
Granulised fertiliser enclosed by a shell that
slowly releases the food over a long period of time.
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Food Plants

Culture notes for plants grown in the vegie garden and the orchard.


Alpine Strawberry
(Fragaria vesca)
This species strawberry produces fragrant white fruits for most of the year. The ripe fruit has an almost intoxicating flavour, that is immediately apparent as you walk past the plant.
Cape Gooseberry
(Physalis peruviana)
Half-hardy short-lived perennial/annual grown for its unusual fruit that taste like a cross between a gooseberry, a tomato and a cherry!

Chilles & Peppers
(Capsicum Spp.)
There are thousands of varieties of different shapes, sizes, colour and heat rating. Bell peppers are sweet - 0 SHU (Scoville Heat Unit), and on the other end of the scale, Habanero rates over 350000 SHU! Chinese Mustard
(Brassica Spp.)
Chinese Mustard is leafy vegetable commonly used in Asian cooking and for pickling. It has a slight peppery taste that disappears when cooked, crisp stems and small dark leaves. Ideal in clear soup and stir fry. Quick growing - harvest in 30 days. If left too long, it will produce sprays of pretty yellow flowers.

Coriander
(Coriandrum sativum)
Coriander is a quick growing annual herb commonly used in Mediteranean, South American, Indian and South-east Asian cooking.
Dragon Fruit
(Hylocereus undatus)
This species of night blooming cactus is grown mainly for its showy perfumed flowers and its large edible fruits.

Egyptian Onion
(Allium cepa var. viviparum)
This unusual onion produces small bulbs at the end of the flowering stem and does not seem to set any seed. Once large enough, the small bulbs can be detached and planted. They will then grow to a new plant that will start producing more small bulbs in a year or two.
Elephant Garlic
(Allium ampeloprasum)
Elephant garlic is not a true garlic, but rather it is related to leeks. It is milder than garlic, grows giant cloves that can be larger than a garlic bulb. The culture is similar to garlic.

Feijoa
(Acca sellowiana)
A very popular fruit for the home garden that has red pohutukawa-like flowers. This evergreen shrub makes a good hedge. Galangal Galangal belongs to the ginger (Zingiberaceae) family of plants. It grows herbaceous stems made of rolled up leaf bases from an underground rhizome (horizontal growing stem). It is the rhizome that is used as a spice. Harvest the younger rhizomes, and allow the old rhizomes to grow more stems. Excess rhizomes can be frozen.

Jerusalem Artichoke
(Helianthus tuberosus)
Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial sunflower, the underground rhizomes is what is eaten. It flowers in the Autumn and is worth growing just for the flowers.
Melons
Bottle gourd, Butternut, Choko, Gherkin, Honeydew, Luffa, Prince melon, Pumpkin, Rockmelon, Spaghetti melon, Squash, Watermelon, Wax melon.
Parsley
(Petroselinum crispum)
Parsley is a biennial herb, growing leaves in the first year, followed by flowers in the second. Plant now for a fresh supply of leaves. Compact variety, suited for containers.
Raspberry
(Rubus idaeus)
Raspberries are a useful summer fruit that can be grown almost anywhere in New Zealand.
Rosemary
(Rosmarinus officianalis)
Rosemary is an evergreen shrub, growing to 2m. The narrow leaves are used in cooking. Pale blue flowers appear in late Winter / Spring.
Sunflower
(Helianthus annus)
The sunflower, a favourite of kid's gardens, is quick and easy to grow. Numerous cultivars exist and it is now possible to get multi-flowering dwarf plants that can even be grown in containers.

Tomato
(Solanum lycopersicum)
Four types of tomatoes, Tiny Tim, Sweet 100 Improved, Grosse Lisse and Acid free.
Turmeric
(Curcuma longa)
Turmeric is a kind of ginger grown primarily for its orange rhizomes that are used as a spice.

Vietnamese Mint
(Polygonum odoratum)
Vietnamese mint is a half-hardy perennial, growing to 1m tall, and eventually forming a large clump. It is a water plant, often very happy in boggy ground.

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