Clear Mountain Garden Treasures
 

Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresCulture and Germination - Daffodil

bulb
An underground shoot with thickened leaf bases
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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deciduous
Shedding of leaves at the
end of the growing season
see also Plant Life Cycle.
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Daffodil
Family Amaryllidaceae
Name Narcissus Spp.
Common Names Daffodil, Jonquil

 Pictures

Spring is not "Sprung" without daffodils, so to speak. What better way to welcome spring than with a burst of colours from daffodils.

This woodland bulb is perfect for naturalising in lawns and under deciduous trees. This is where the bulbs are planted and left on their own to grow and to multiply, eventually forming dense clumps after several years. The lawn area is not cut until the foliage dies down.

Over the years, garderners and horticulturist have bred the humble yellow daffodil into the myriad of colours and shapes available today. The Flowers are now available in Whites, Yellows, Oranges and Reds, and all variations in between. There are even varieties with bits of green.

Regular daffodils

Plant these into the ground where they are to grow. Plant them at a depth equal to twice the width of a bulb. In warmer areas, they should be planted slightly deeper. Allow minimum 5cm (2 inches) of space between bulbs.

Daffodils can naturalise very well in lawn or under deciduous trees. When naturalising in the lawn, pick a spot which does not require mowing from wintr to summer. This is to allow the leaves enough time to feed the bulb. Clumps can be split every 2-3 years if you want more bulbs.

Feed at the end of Autumn with 3 month slow release fertiliser. There is usually no need to water unless the spring has been very dry.

Miniature daffodils

Miniature daffodils have very small bulbs and fine foliage. They can easily be lost in the garden.

These should be planted either in 15cm (6 inch) pots using ordinary potting mix, or in rockeries where they will not face competition from big plants. Similarly, plant them at a depth equal to twice the width of a bulb. The bulbs can be crowded together, allowing only 5-10mm between bulbs.

It is important that the bulbs are exposed to cold weather for them to flower, so potted bulbs need to be left outside. The pot can be brought inside to flower once the buds have formed. The bulbs can remain in the pot for a few years.

Feed and water similar to regular daffodils. Set them in a position that gets full sun or part-shade. In the summer when the leaves have died down, it is essential that the bulbs are not watered and are left to bake in the sun.

If grown in a pot, from the second season onwards, apply a slow release fertiliser when the leaves start to show. It is not necessary to use slow release fertiliser in the first season because the potting mix already contains a slow release fertiliser.


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