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Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresCyclamen

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infructescence
The fruiting stage of an inflorescence.
An ensemble of fruits growing on a stem.
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tuber
A swollen underground stem, crown or root
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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tuber
A swollen underground stem, crown or root
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
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Cyclamen
Family Primulaceae
Name Cyclamen
Etymology
Cyclamen From Greek kyklos meaning twisted or circular, referring to the highly twisted infructescence of some species.

Pictures:
Ivy Leaf Cyclamen
Florist's Cyclamen
  See also:  Bulbs, Corms & Tubers

Cyclamen is a genus of hardy tuberous perennials that originate from regions around the Mediterranean. They like cold wet winters and hot dry summers, typical Mediterranean climate and not far from New Zealand's. They are very long lived, eventually forming very large tubers.

Both leaves and flowers grow from one or more crowns on top of the tuber. The leaves have silvery-green marbled pattern and the plant is worth growing for this alone. Each plant has its own distinct pattern, much like our finger prints.

The highly fragrant flowers have highly reflexed petals that are slightly twisted, somewhat resembling a shuttlecock. They are carried above the leaves on long stems that nod downwards, so the reflexed petals point upwards. The stem curls down towards the ground when the flower is pollinated. Ants collect the seeds for the sugary coating and once consumed, the seeds are discarded far from the mother plant.

deciduous
Shedding of leaves at the
end of the growing season
see also Plant Life Cycle.
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deciduous
Shedding of leaves at the
end of the growing season
see also Plant Life Cycle.
Hide

 Ivy Leaf Cyclamen


Purple
Name Cyclamen hederifolium
Synonym Cyclamen neapolitanum
Common Name Ivy Leaf Cyclamen
Etymology
hederifolium From the Genus Hedera, ivy, and Latin folia meaning leaves, to mean leaves that somewhat resemble ivy's.

Cyclamen hederifolium (syn. C. neapolitanum), unlike its florist cyclamen cousins, flowers in late summer and autumn. There are two colour forms, the more common purple and less common white. This cyclamen is extremely hardy and is perfect for naturalising under deciduous trees - an established carpet of these plants look absolutely stunning when in flower. It can also be easily grown in a container.



Flower

Pale purple form.

White

Seed Head

Once pollinated, the flowers drop off and the flower stalk coils tightly to bring the developing seed head to ground level.

 Florist's Cyclamen


Flowers
Name Cyclamen persicum
Common Names Florist's Cyclamen, Persian Cyclamen
Etymology
persicum From Persia (Latinised).

Cyclamen persicum normally flowers from autumn, around Mother's Day (making it a popular gift) through to winter, however modern breeding and nursery culture techniques has made it available all year round. There has been a lot of breeding done and a great number of varieties is now available, although the highly bred forms have usually lost their fragrance. Cyclamen persicum is only half hardy but will grow outdoors in warmer climates.



Buds

Flower

Flower

Flower

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