Clear Mountain Garden Treasures
 

Clear Mountain Garden TreasuresCalanthe

Orchids
Expand/CollapseExpand/CollapseCattleya
Expand/CollapseExpand/CollapseCoelogyne
Expand/CollapseExpand/CollapseDendrobium
Expand/CollapseExpand/CollapseMasdevallia
Expand/CollapseExpand/CollapseNative Orchids
Expand/CollapseExpand/CollapseOncidium
Expand/CollapseExpand/CollapseTerestrials
Expand/CollapseExpand/CollapseOther Genera
Glossary
terrestrial
A plant that grows on the ground, like most plants do.Grows on or in the ground.
Hide
evergreen
In leaf all throughout the year.
Leaves may persist for many years.
Hide
deciduous
Shedding of leaves at the
end of the growing season
see also Plant Life Cycle.
Hide
pseudobulb
A swollen stem found mainly in orchids
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
Hide
inflorescence
A flowering shoot with more than one flower.
Inflorescences may be branched or unbranched.
Hide
terrestrial
A plant that grows on the ground, like most plants do.Grows on or in the ground.
Hide
evergreen
In leaf all throughout the year.
Leaves may persist for many years.
Hide
deciduous
Shedding of leaves at the
end of the growing season
see also Plant Life Cycle.
Hide
pseudobulb
A swollen stem found mainly in orchids
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
Hide
inflorescence
A flowering shoot with more than one flower.
Inflorescences may be branched or unbranched.
Hide
Calanthe

Calanthe vestita
Family Orchidaceae
Name Calanthe Spp.
Abbreviation Cal.
Etymology
Calanthe From Greek kalos meaning beautiful, and Greek anthos meaning flower.

Pictures:
Calanthe arisanensis
Calanthe discolor
Calanthe Veitchii
Calanthe vestita
  See also:  Terestrials, Culture / Germination

Calanthe is a genus of terrestrial orchids that originate from Asia and Australia. There are two groups of calanthes, evergreen and deciduous.

Evergreen calanthes are usually hardy plants that bury their pseudobulbs underground. The shoots begin to appear in late autumn but will wait until the spring before they elongate and grow leaves. The leaves persists for some time on the plant. Flowers appear on new growth in the spring.

Deciduous calanthes on the other hand, tend to come from warmer areas and are not as cold tolerant as their evergreen cousins. The pseudobulbs grow above ground and are completely leafless during the winter rest phase. Growth begins in the sring with the appearance of new growths. These make rapid growth during the summer and autumn, maturing into new bulbs, then flowering in late autumn, at about the time when the leaves start to yellow and drop off.

For both groups, flowers appear on long inflorescences that may either be upright or arching. They are partly sequentially flowered, with buds opening at the top end of the inflorescences whilst old flowers fade on the bottom.

Evergreen and deciduous calanthes are genetically distinct and will not readily inter-breed.

inflorescence
A flowering shoot with more than one flower.
Inflorescences may be branched or unbranched.
Hide
inflorescence
A flowering shoot with more than one flower.
Inflorescences may be branched or unbranched.
Hide

 Calanthe arisanensis


Flower
Name Calanthe arisanensis
Etymology
arisanensis From (Mt.) A Li Shan (Latinised).

Calanthe arisanensis comes from the A Li Shan area of Taiwan. It is a dweller of forest undergrowth. The leaves are around 20cm long and the inflorescences to 50cm long.


Flower

 Calanthe discolor


Flower
Name Calanthe discolor
Etymology
discolor means multiple coloured.

Calanthe discolor comes from Japan. It is extensively used in hybridising to create modern multi-coloured hybrids.

 Calanthe Veitchii


Flower
Name Calanthe Veitchii
Hybrid Formula
Calanthe rosea × vestita
Etymology
Veitchii Named after James Veitch, 19th century botanist and owner of a famous Chelsea nursery.
rosea From Latin rosea meaning rose coloured.
vestita From Latin vestitus meaning clothing, to mean surrounded by bracts.

Calanthe Veitchii is a primary hybrid between Calanthe vestita and Calanthe rosea. Registered in 1860, it is the second orchid hybrid to be made, the first being Calanthe Dominyi in 1856.

lithophyte
A plant that grows on rocks or stony soils.
Hide
pseudobulb
A swollen stem found mainly in orchids
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
Hide
inflorescence
A flowering shoot with more than one flower.
Inflorescences may be branched or unbranched.
Hide
lithophyte
A plant that grows on rocks or stony soils.
Hide
pseudobulb
A swollen stem found mainly in orchids
see also Bulbs, Corms and Tubers.
Hide
inflorescence
A flowering shoot with more than one flower.
Inflorescences may be branched or unbranched.
Hide

 Calanthe vestita


Flowers
Name Calanthe vestita
Etymology
vestita From Latin vestitus meaning clothing, to mean surrounded by bracts.

Calanthe vestita grows as a lithophyte on limestone at intermediate elevations forests of south east Asia. The pseudobulbs are silvery green, carrying around 3 large leaves on top of the pseudobulb. As the leaves turn yellow in the autumn, the inflorescences grow from the base of the pseudobulb, looking as if someone had stuck them in at a funny angle. After growing straight up for about 80cm, the inflorescences then arch to display the flowers high above the pseudobulbs.


Subscribe

Share

Tweet

Save

Digg

Submit

Share
Featured Plants
Show/Hide
Click to view
This month: Dragon Fruit
This species of night blooming cactus... [More...]
Click to view
Last month: Furcraea longaeva
This relative of agaves produces a huge... [More...]
Random Plant
Show/Hide
Click to view
Sisyrinchium californicum
This hardy perennial is a primitive... [More...]